ANTH425 - Lectures
Lecture #1 ▯
Week 2 - January 13, 2014▯
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Paper Literature is important.
Four features Life history traits;▯
Large brain compared to body size.
Skeletal and Not a specialized skeleton;▯
dental features Not entirely relevant to cognition.
Features relevant Dependant on learning;▯
to cognition Primates have too big a brain for just basic function.
“Problems” of Cognition
How dow we know what we know? ▯
Difﬁcult concept How are we aware of cognition?▯
How do we assess cognition in nonhumans?
Hard to prove in animals. ▯
Cognition and Examples: deceptive behaviours, tool uses, ▯etc.▯
mental processes Anthropomorphism, parsimony and homology▯
There are various explanation for behaviours.
Mentalistic approach - traditional approach.▯
Primate cognition Nonhuman primate cognition cannot be accessed so we measure
* see example in slide.
History/Psychological Theories ANTH425 - Lectures
Primate cognition Animal psychology;▯
Outgrowth of human psychology
Cogito Ergo Sum.▯
Inborn ideas.▯ ▯
Duality between matter and mind/spirit.▯
Cartesian dualism Animals have no mind. ▯
Humans have thoughts/mind, therefore are connected to God.▯
Animal have no connection to “spirit”.
Origins of Species in 1859.▯
2. Mechanism of Natural Selection;▯
3. Common descent.▯
Charles Darwin “Descent of Man” - there are psychological link between humans and
primates if there is descent.▯
Mind is product of the body, it is not separate from the body.▯
Mind is a biological adaptation.
George Romanes Comparative psychology;▯
(1882) Scala Naturae
Early 20th century;▯
Behaviourism Mechanistic, focus on mechanism.▯
Focused on learning.▯
Simple behaviours are more parsimonious.
Wolfgang Köhler Studies problem-solving in apes.▯
(1925) Studied “insight”.
(1916) Father of primatology