9/16/2013 10:27:00 PM
Duplication of office – Peoples republic of China. Three primary
institutions: Central committee, politburo, standing committee of
the politburo (most powerful, 5 to 9 members, under leadership of
the general secretary of the communist party – Xi Jinping.).
Nomeklatura system – Russian term. Refers to a party list. The
individuals who are on that list are individuals who have already
been chosen in advance by being committed to the communist
party. Already deemed fit and ready for state service.
3. Planned/Command Economy
Who‟s responsible for making economic decisions the task of
economic decision making are in fact assumed and fulfilled by the
party within these particular societies. (plan economy as a whole)
o To ensure egalitarian society.
o Only if the economy is mobilized under the control of the
party, they can ensure that the economy wont be used
against the people.
o Commanding heights. Party that protects ownership and
enacts the ownership on behalf of society. „Publically owned‟
through the agency of the party.
o Peaceful coexistence
o Innovation by Stalin principally designed to achieve
objectives that the party believed was necessary on its path
towards communism (socialism first)
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Economic Rehabilitation: Russia
Lay grounds for communist party (socialist transition)
Meet immediate needs of Russian population. Rebuild domestic
New Economic Program
In effect from 1921 – 1927
V.I Lenin – give time to consolidate position in Soviet Union Needed period to eradicate enemies and to renew the party. (Done
NEP was a program where in Russia would take one step backward
to take two giant steps forward.
o Soviet union was going to undertake economic rehabilitation
through liberalization of the economy.
o Import through capitalist industrialized west.
o “Commanding Heig