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Lecture 2

POLI 321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Constitution Act, 1982, Constitutionalism

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 321
Ian Brodie

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Poli 321 Lecture 2 Day 1
Fall 2015
Politics and Government in Canada; Constitution
Canada has a “constitutional” system of government
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Constitutionalism. Idea that government can and should be limited in its powers, and
that its authority depends on its observing these limitations. Often associated with John
Locke and the founders of the American republic.
Madison, Fed 52
If men were angels, no government would be necessary
If angels were to govern, controls on government would [not] be necessary
In framing a government [for humans], the great difficulty lies in this:
You must first enable government to control the governed
[then] oblige it to control itself.
A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government; but
experience has taught ... the necessity of auxiliary precautions.
A constitution must provide for a government that can govern the country
public order and defence, public works
And at the same time a government that can control
Limit intrusions into our lives
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