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Lecture 2

SOCI 313 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Nipple, Verstehen, Social Impact Assessment


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 313
Professor
John Manzo
Lecture
2

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Social research is a process in which people combine a set of principles, outlooks,
and ideas (methodology) with a collection of specic practices, techniques and
strategies (method) to produce knowledge
Knowledge Creation
Science is a social institution concerned with producing knowledge
Scientic community is a collection of people who practice science
oPeople don’t always agree
Research is a means to ning answers to questions and thus produce
knowledge
oConstantly developing questions
Scientic Method is a set of ideas, rules, techniques and approaches
Foundations if the Research Process
Ontology and Epistemology
oPhilosophical underpinning of theory and methodology
Theory
oPhilosophical stance and underpinning of our methodology
Methodology
oTheory of research, reasoning for certain research design
Method
oResearch technique and procedure
Ontology and Epistemology
Ontology - what.
oTheory of the nature of reality
oHow does the social exist
oConstitutes the social
oWhat does reality consist of
Things like religion can be hard to study because they have very
little hard evidence and observable data
oObjectivism/premodern
(positivist)
Quantitative
oConstructivist/modern
(interpretive)
How we understand a problem depends on how we approach it
Qualitative
oPostmodernism
(re+exive)
Reality is always a temporary construct
Reality only exits when there are interacting social agents that
negotiate things
Qualitative
oExample
The overwhelming majority of homeless families are headed by
a single mother
When Dr. Tezeli did her research in Calgary, she found
that in 2010 between 30-62% of homeless families were dual
parent
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