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University of Guelph
ANTH 1150
Tad Mc Ilwraith

Oct 30ANTH 1150 Religion Conclusion from article Religious Canadians willing to lie for the almighty buck: study on courselink - If you belong to a religion, a congregation, you tend to view others outside of said group as different, you other (verb) them, and thus feel more comfortable lying to them 3 types of Mythology as identified by Bascom 1.) Myth- Asacred story with divine/ semi-divine beings which create the world as we know it 2.) Legends take place in the world as we know it, although too far in the past to have any living being confirm occurrences; no supernatural beings, but superhuman being(s); for entertainment, but also for educating youngins on value/morals (examples: Paul Bunyan, KingArthur, urban legends serving as cautionary tales) 3.) Folktales- human characters with ordinary problems and abilities; could be animal characters, but they’re anthropomorphic, and thus a metaphor for human types; serve as instructions of what one shouldn’t do (example: Grimm brothers’folktales) Form Belief Time World Religiosity Characters Myth Fact Remote Past Different world Sacred Non-human (not the world as we know it) Legend Fact Recent Past World as we Secular Human know it Folktale Fiction Anytime Any place Sacred or Human or non- Secular human Ritual -Religion in action -Repeated, patterned (therefore different from everyday) -In general, can be sacred or secular -Creates collective association -Identifiable through its pattern -When belief systems come to practice and values rise to the surface Rite of Passage- a type of ritual-steps (Van Gennep) 1.) Separation event (those going through the passage are separated from the group which they once belonged to) 2.) Transition event a.k.a. Liminal stage (between old and new identity, time in which individual learns what he/she needs to re-enter society with a new identity) 3.) Reintegration (Back into society with a changed social status) Examples in our society- University? Motherhood (where the hospital is the transitional stage) -Rituals, systematic behavior, gives explanation for things and restores our belief in control Magic = Ritual in which one tries to compel the supernatural to act on your behalf; interface between you and the supernatural Rules of magic: a.) Law of similarity (a.k.a. imitative magic or image imagic)=Acausal relationship between things that resemble each other (e.g. the belief that eating walnuts is good for the brain because they resemble the brain in image) b.) Law of contagion=Things that were in contact remain in contact (e.g. many indigenous fear having their photo taken as the photo is a representation of oneself and therefore damage done to the photo might be replicated onto the individual) -Does magic work? It works, except when it doesn’t, in that, when it doesn’t work, then that means supernatural forces just aren’t willing to do it or one has done the ritual wrong -Often done in times of uncertainty (e.g. more baseball players have rituals when bating than fielding since
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