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Week 1.docx

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ANTH 1150
Tad Mc Ilwraith

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What is anthropology?   ­  The study of human beings  ­ The study of human behavior   ­ Perspectives ­> broad scope ­> geography ­ > temporal (time)  ­ Evolutionary land of homosapiens  Holistic perspective ­> look at it all ­> how do the pieces fit together? 4 fields of anthropology ­ Archaeology ­> study of past human behavior,  o Learned from the remains of human activity, o  How people lived in the past,  o hedican suggests how people adapt to different environments in the past  Reconstruct behavior  Change over time  o Methods – systematic digging  Science – absolute dates of objects ­ Biological anthropology ­> with the premise that we are animals o Question the relationship between biology and culture o Human variation ­> genetics  o Adaptation to environment o Evolution  o Primatologist – study non human primates (chimpanzee)  o   Medical anthropology  o Methods – archaeology  DNA analysis (forensics)  ­ Linguistic anthropology ­> use of language  o Language in social setting – story telling o Recorders – wave forms of speech patterns  ­ Cultural anthropology ­> study of cultures o How cultures are similar and different o Believes and values that individuals hold as well as groups o How and why cultures change  o Different pieces ­ Social anthropology ­ > British o Sociology  o Emphasis institutions that help organize groups ­ Cultural anthropology ­> American – culture(s) ­ Ethnology – emphasizes comparison (more than one culture). Interested in “cultural  universals” – (economics, politics, families, marriages, religions) (hedican)  participant observation Verse each other and intimately connected        Ethnography – description of one particular culture. One place and one group of  people. Universals but how they look at a particular place (backers) ­ What is ethnocentrism? o Why should anthropologists be awa
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