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ANTH 2230 (83)
Lecture

Nov.8 Lecture

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2230
Professor
Satsuki Kawano
Semester
Fall

Description
November 8th 2011 Lecture Shinto & Buddhism (II) -the introduction of christianity (1549 AD) -during the Tokugawa/Edo period -Danka Seido (The family parishioner system) -required to be affiliated with Buddhist temples -not to be christian -obligatory buddhist temple membership -Shinto--subordinate Religion during the Meiji Period -the official separation of Shinto and Buddhism (legal separation) -state policy -socailly Shinto and Buddhism were still blended -state Shinto as the national ideology -not a religion -tied to Ultra-Nationalism -patriotic duty (not religious duty) Religion in Postwar Japan -religious freedom -Shinto = religion -conventional membership in buddhist temples and Shinto shrines -the number of adherents in 2001 -buddhist temples (95 mill) -Shinto shrines (106 mill) -christianity (1.8 mill) -they were quit successful in suppressing christianity -% of believers in national surveys -30%-70% Individual faith vs. the family based religious expressions -individual faith -religious activities and group membership -family -community -nation -places of ritual attention -grave or alter for ancestors Shi
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