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Lecture

ANTH 2230 Lecture Notes - Post-Occupation Japan, Meiji Period, Shinto Shrine


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2230
Professor
Satsuki Kawano

Page:
of 3
November 8th 2011 Lecture
Shinto & Buddhism (II)
-the introduction of christianity (1549 AD)
-during the Tokugawa/Edo period
-Danka Seido (The family parishioner system)
-required to be affiliated with Buddhist temples
-not to be christian
-obligatory buddhist temple membership
-Shinto--subordinate
Religion during the Meiji Period
-the official separation of Shinto and Buddhism (legal separation)
-state policy
-socailly Shinto and Buddhism were still blended
-state Shinto as the national ideology
-not a religion
-tied to Ultra-Nationalism
-patriotic duty (not religious duty)
Religion in Postwar Japan
-religious freedom
-Shinto = religion
-conventional membership in buddhist temples and Shinto shrines
-the number of adherents in 2001
-buddhist temples (95 mill)
-Shinto shrines (106 mill)
-christianity (1.8 mill)
-they were quit successful in suppressing christianity
-% of believers in national surveys
-30%-70%
Individual faith vs. the family based religious expressions
-individual faith
-religious activities and group membership
-family
-community
-nation
-places of ritual attention
-grave or alter for ancestors
Shinto and Buddhism in Contemporary Japan
-Shinto
-life-cycle rites for the living at a Shinto shrine
-purity and purification ceremonies
-a deities' altar at home
-buddhism
-funerals and memorial rites at buddhist temples
-a domestic alter and ancestral tablets
-a family grave
-size of altar represents the prestige of the family
Birth
-pregnancy
-naming
-Miyamairi ritual (visit to Shinto Shrines), naming ritual
Childhood
-Shichigosan ceremony
-visits to Shinto shrines
-children at 3, 5 and 7 years old
Coming of Age Ceremony
-happens in mid january
-20 years old become legal adults
-visits to a shinto shrines
Wedding Ceremony
-shinto-style (since the taisho period)
-stimulated by the christian wedding
-adapted by imperial household then spread to commoners
-is considered a traditional ceremony
-church ceremonies
-not very common
-adaption of the style not the faith
-at wedding halls (common in post war Japan)
-at hotels (more common today)
-abroad
Rites associated with the years of calamity (yakudoshi)
-19 and 33 for women
-25 and 42 for men
-associated with misfortunes and difficulties
-purification rights at Shinto shrines
-community rites (uncommon today)