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Lecture 14


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ANTH 3650
Edward Hedican

Lecture 14 Oct. 23. 2012 Paleo-Indian Period Clovis Culture Flaking: usually using antler, pressing down on projectile point, if flakes moved from hor- izontal direction making a pattern ‘ripple flaking’ ; makes a ripple like look Pressure Flaking: pressing down Fluting: different technique, edges alone sides, looks decorated. - removing of the flakes, very fragile, expertise required - longer the flute, the more difficult to remove it, Parts of the point; platform (flat area bottom) to core, arrow part. - removing central core, allows projectile point to be smoothly attached - projectile, one purpose, to hunt large game I.Paleo-Indial Period (12,000 - 5000 BC) 2. Climatic and Ecological Conditions 3. Llano-Folsom and Plano combined 4. Clovis Culture - Clovis Points - how made 5. Social Organization during this period II.Important Sites - In Canada, up til over 5,000 years ago, was mostly covered in ice sheet - makes evidence far and few between, much in the Americas 1. “Old Crow” - Yukon NWT. 27,000 BP 2. Debert, NS. 8,600 BC - people living quite close to ice sheets. Migrating animals opportunity. - key; as ice was melting people following closley with it, not like ice melted and people moved there, melting provided opportunities, grass etc - date this site from caribou bones, from campfire left carbon remains, 3. Brohm (Near Thunderbay) 8,000 BC - the people 10,000 years ago, excavated into rocks, making projectile points on the spot then back to wherever hunting 4. Sheguindah (Manitoulin Is) 7,000-6,000 BC - island, evidence found later - lots of debris, trenches pounded into rock. - valuable source, willing to travel great distances for it - some rock sites really revealed with melting, great opportunity for hunters III.Mega-Fauna Extinction 1. What dies out, what lived? 2. What (who) was responsible? different theories. - previously discussed - see reading article Week 6: Archaic Period (5000 - 1000 BC) Theme: Transition, Change, and Innovation - Change from Paleo-Indian period, classified in ‘periods’ to help identify - steady increase in temperature - definitely over iceage - generally began how we see the world today I.Main Characteristics: 1. Climate Change: Anti-Thermal Period (4500-2500 BC) - temp go colder, colder, iceage, began
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