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ARTH 2150 Lecture 2.docx

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Art History
ARTH 2150
Andrew Sherwood

ARTH 2150 Lecture 2 9/9/2013 7:26:00 AM THINGS TO KNOW  - Artemesian Zeus – large statue of Zeus - Riace – Bronze statue from the place - Motya – of youth, statue from the place - Kouros/Kore – os = young male statue, e = young female statue - Anavysos – Kouros - Parthenon (Frieze) – architectural part of structure with designs - Thucydides – read a passage from him about the Parthenon - Olympia – place, where the Olympic games started - Apollo – temple and statue at Olympia - Discobolos – the discus thrower - Peplos - Aphrodite – goddess of love - Lacoon – statue Paloelithic – 600,00-10/8,000 (old stone age) – humans in Greece Mesolithic – 8,000 – 6, 000 Neolithic – 6,000 - 3,000 (new stone age) Obsidian – black stone Important places from the Mesolithic onwards  Franchthi Cave - 6000 Nea Nikomedia - 6000 Sesklo – 5-4,000 Dimini – 4-3,000 LECTURE  - Riace Pair of Bronzes found off the coast of Europe, tells us something different b/c rare bronze sculpture that survived b/c of Roman looting ship sinking, style is interesting - in the mid 1980’s, on the western tip of Sicily, Motya Youth sculpture – young male rather than female, same date as the bronze’s – effeminate youth - the Greeks show an evolution in the art, emerging humanism, what is it to be human? - Kouros – 600 BC, stiff frontal pose, rigid - Kritios Kouros – around 4 AD, shift in hips and no longer stiff, softer look - the Classical period starts when Xerxes sacks Athens, the Greeks style changes because they thought that the Gods were on their side, beating Persians builds up an incredible amount of confidence (feel they can break the rules and humans become a focal point) - Passage from Thucydides – writing at the end of Greek classical period (Athens vs. Sparta fighting), about in his oratory funeral speech (talks about confidence) - the Parthenon frieze is about 300 m long, what’s important is the men represent Athenian men, the first time that men are shown with the Gods in a picture - this tells you that on they felt they were top of hierarc
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