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Lecture 9

ARTH 2150 Lecture 9.docx

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Department
Art History
Course Code
ARTH 2150
Professor
Andrew Sherwood

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ARTH 2150 Lecture 9 9/27/2013 7:31:00 AM Niello - made with borax, important b/c non-native technique Nestor – oldest man at Troy Dendra – tomb outside Mycenae Vapheio Cups – from a tomb *very important, halfway btwn Mycenae and Sparta Megaron – thee Megaron, specific structure ** _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ - right around 1600, a new culture explodes and contact with the Minoan world opens quickly - 2200-1600 was lesser civilization - a rich/cosmopolitan/military focused civilization emerges - this new civilization has evidence of rapid growth of population in urban centers, with this we find a rapid increase in prosperity - Hittites from Turkey run up and down the coast and try to get to Egypt, but the Pharaoh stops them (important b/c reference to it on monuments) - some of the splinters of the Hittite army ended up in Greece, with their established military culture they took over - the shaft graves in Circle A was unplundered** the artifacts that Schliemann recovered are documented - 19 individuals – 8 male over 6ft tall, 9 females, 2 children - the earliest of the 6 shaft graves starts at 1580 and goes for about 100 years - Grave Circle B dates a bit earlier, poorer shaft grave - ***new type of burial customs – why did they suddenly come up with this? Hittites used a similar type of grave - 4 category of plunder found: a) Minoan imports b) Minoan style but Mycenaean subject matter c) Mycenaean style d) Misc. + Anatolian/Near Eastern style - we know all of these graves are important b/c took lots of labour to dig, kept safe inside a double wall and marked with stele a) Minoan rhyton – bulls head, modeling similar to Bulls Head Rhyton of Crete, perceived to be made on Crete small double headed axe – small medallion representations of Minoan culture (flounce skirt, tripartite columns, pulls head with double headed axe, etc.) b) Rings - workmanship is well done, element of violence, border around the lion fighting ring is surrounded by a representation of earth (ground line), inlaid daggers – developed in the near east, came through the Minoan world but didn’t create it themsel
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