Italian Renaissance Art 01/22/2014
Jan 6 , 2014
Franciscans developed from the church of san Francesco.
Men with shaved tops of heads indicators that they are Franciscans.
Assisi fra angelico, Dominican.
Members take vow of poverty.
Dominicans devoted to cult of virgin Mary. Cult of virgin Mary is movement towards humanism.
Fransicians doveted to the suffering of Christ and the contemplation of nature.
D spiritual in art F humanism paintings
Interest in nature is important to the development of the renaissance.
As the cults grow invigorates church building in Italy.
Cathedral of note dame. Verticallity and stability.
Confusing on thinking it was a roman building, traits taken from roman architecture.
They build with brick.
Maintain roman motifs in Italian buildings, why? Symbol of power, practicality causing regionalism.
Blind arcade, no opening to look into anything, about creation of pattern amongst solid walls where for
Greeks to support, Romans becomes decoration. Inherited by Italians. Create stories with multiple arcades
with horseshoe shaped arches, regional, preference, lightened up delicate. classicalism, with gothic
Gabel/triangular pediment. Communicating importance ä cultural center.
In Pisa see deliberate reference to antiquity.
Nichols Pisanocentral planned coming out of antiquity.
Was trained undér fredric the second which revived the classical. This is where Florentine renaissance can be located to start.
Five carved panels, sixth is a door, it is a preaching platform.
Eagle, words will take flight and john.
New form of carving, arranged in a striped horizontal pattern within the carved panel
They are all relief sculptures.
Life of Christ in condensed form an annunciation to last judgement
Inscription below last judgement identifying the artist. Happens more in renaissance, community of workers,
strong assertion of individuality, renaissance period of time when artist becomes unique individuals.
Adoration of the magi incipient of classicalism , starting to show, the curling of the hair. Powerful rather
then naturalistic. Fabric drapery, not yet completely naturalized ä seen in roman, left of gothic.
Unusual. Mary is oversized, habit from gothic, the more important the bigger.
No account for the pictorial space, no diminishing of scale and no change in depth.
Annunciation and nativity
Mary figured based upon roman sculptures of gods.
Mix of sizes.
Narrative supersedes importance of pictorial space.
Elements of Hercules. Holding skin of lions. First monumental male nude in Italian art since antiquity, return
to notion of heroic nudity. Large feet and head, not concerned with classical proportions. No system to
Hybrid of pulpit. Gothical structure with classical inclusions.
Corinthian capitals being interpreted. Central column with sculptures of old testament figures.
Old testament is the foundation of new testament, everything on old testament if prefiguration of new
testament. Why? Justified from beginning of world, the coming of Christ was foretold, he becomes fulfillment. Import