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Lecture 4

CLAS 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Synoecism, Empire Rose, Korail Class 1000

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
John Walsh

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Friday, September 15, 2017
Class 1000
Ordering the Polis: Government and Public Administration
-Athens clung on during the Dark Age
-synoikism: the process of formation of the polis
-Athens attributed the formation of polis to Theses
-right after dark age then went through a phase of rule by tyrants (561-510 BCE)
-Pisistratus and Hippias and Hipparchus(sons)
-Hoplite warfare: individual soldiers, phalanx joined together to fight
-change in politics and change in how they fought their wars happened at the same time
-Spartans took this to the ultimate ends
-They put lambda on their shields
-each polis was its own governing body of citizens
-Lots of loyalty and love of each city state
The Persian (Achaemenid) Empire
-a single empire rose
-right beside the city states of Greece
Classical Period
-the time of conflict between the great empire (Persia) and the city states (Greece)
-Greco-Persian wars (492-479 BCE)
-The Persian Empire launches massive invasions into the city-states twice
-One by Darius, Battle of Marathon 490 BCE
-Xerxes lead the second one, Thermopylae 480 BCE
-Leonidas and 300 Spartans defend their land at this battle
-Herodutus: 484-425 BCE
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