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Lecture 16

CLAS 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Publius Clodius Pulcher, Foreskin, Palestine Exploration Fund


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
Professor
John Walsh
Lecture
16

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RELIGION AT ROME
roman myth
interpretatio graeca
Romans took myths of the greeks and
interpreted them
o Romans were inspired by the greeks
o Made the greek gods roman
roman religion
the state
Romans saw religion as an expression of
state identity
o Myths were driven to support the
state
o Vestal virgin
Prayers designed to protect
rome
religious practices
mos maiorum
omen
augury
zeus had given the sign of 12 eagles
o all major events in the calendar had to
get approval by the gods
o romans were suspicious about birds
if they were flying the wrong way
then they suspended illegal
activity
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publius clodius pulcher
would not go into battle unless the chickens
behaved appropriately
if the chickens ate then the gods supported
roman success
if the chickens did not eat then the gods did
not support roman success
o he went to battle one time when
they did’t eat ad he failed
o augury- its true!!!
kingdoms of Israel and Judah
9th/8th century bc
as an offshoot of Christianity, 2 kingdoms were
founded
o Israel=north
o Judah=south
babylonian captivity
6th century bc
The jewish ppl were absorbed by the Babylonians
o Expansion sees the destruction of the
jewish temple
Jewish ppl were led into captivity by the
Babylonians
nebuchadnezzar ii
Babylonian king
He committed a crime by destroying the temple
o The temple was a storage place for an
object of great value- the arc of the
covenant
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ark of the covenant
holds tablets of the ten commandments
cyrus the great
freed the jewish ppl in 539bc
Cyrus
o Assembled an army
o Freed the jewish ppl from the Babylonians
o Gave them a huge amount of money to rebuild a temple
seleucid and ptolemaic empires
the jews were being hellenized
The jews found it difficult to be included in
civilization
o If they wanted to be greek they
needed to participate in the
gymnasium
Greeks did’t iruise
o The jews did
He's oe ak here ith a old a ho's filthy, huhaked, rethed, rikled, ald,
toothless, and, by God, I think he's psolos too! (Aristophanes, Wealth 26567)
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