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Lecture 4

CLAS 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Pankration

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAS 1000
John Walsh

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CLAS 1000 – Week 4 Lecture – Friday February 3
- cultural, sport, party festival
- it was a religious experience
- began in Olympia
- one place where all Greeks could come together and share in a common Greek
identity as well as a religious culture
obound a culture that naturally wanted to break up
o776 BC was when the Olympiad began
- 4 year period brang the two parties together to settle truces, political business,
negotiated swapping of prisoners, time form communication between enemies
- centauromachy  battle between humans and centaurs  showed the supremacy of
humans, the greatness of human intellect and power over chaos
In the temple of Zeus
- statue of Zeus, made of gold and elephants (tusks, ivory)
- Greeks were masters of working with ivory
- Pheidias had a workshop in which he oversaw the construction of the Greek
temple of Zeus
- Also oversaw the construction of the Athena Parthenon by using the money and
gold of the Delian League
Leonidaion – Olympia
- functioned as the Olympic village
- began as a single running race, but soon all sorts of other competitive races were
worked in
- used as the stage for the competitions
- the stadium  paced out by Hercules himself (160 m) to measure the stadium
oplayers won the race, and honoured by the town that sent him, winning
was at a premium (coming in second was a source of shame)
owinner was given olive oil
- Greeks loved combat sports, which took place here
Olympic Truce
- Greeks took advantage, militarily, during the Olympic truce
The Athletes
- Genuinely only the rich could hope or aspire to taking part in the Olympics
- The poor did not have the time nor the freedom to participate
- Greek athletes competed in the nude  not always true  devised a kynodesme 
bound their genitals in a bow with a long thin leather strip that they would tie
around their waist
- Olympics began with a ceremony, sacrificial animals were presented to the Greek
god Zeus, roasted pieces of the sacrificed animal and mouthed oaths to Zeus, used
the flame of the Olympic torch
- Cheating was very much a part of the Olympics
Astylos of Kroton
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