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Lecture 19

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAS 2000
Professor
John Walsh
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture19 Wednesday,March06, 2013 11:18AM THEODYSSEY Long-hairedAchaeans - GreeksarereferredtoasAchaeansintheOdyssey Troy/Ilion/Ilium - LinguisticevidenceoftheexistenceofthecityofTroy Schliemann/Hisarlik - UsesOdysseyandIlliadasguides - FoundinHisarliktheremainsofancientcity ○ ExactlywhereHomerinIlliadandOdysseysaidTroywas - ThecitySchliemannfoundissaidtobeburneddownin1200 BC Priam - Hector'sfatherisdraggedawayfrom templeandiskilledbyAchilles Cassandra - FoundclingingtostatueofApollo,foundbyAjax(theminer) ○ Grabsherbyhairandrapes herand isfoundinhands ofAgamemnonand thenmurderedbyClytemnestra Astyanax - ThrownfromwallsofTroylikeotherbabies - Hector'sson Polyxena - TakenbyGreek's - PrincessofTroy - HeldoverthegraveofAchillesandtheyslitherthroat Aeneas - PrinceofTroywhofleesfromthewar - HessonofAphroditeandAnchises - HefindsthepeopleinwhichtheRomanthemselvesaredescendent Inmediares.."plotspiral"-lotophagoi - OdysseusisKingofIthaca - "inmediares" ○ Beginningthestoryfromthemiddleandthenfillingitin - Hetoldthemafterwarhismenand himsailedhomeandwerefacedwith troubles - Hecan outwithisstomachinorderto livetoahigherpurpose - Oneofhisfirststopsisamongstthepeoplelotophagoi(thelotuseaters) - Thelotusisawonderfulplantthatreleaseseuphoria ○ Theyareseducedandluredbythelotusandtheyabandonthe wantto go home - Odysseusmustshowqualityofleadershipthatheturnsbackagainstthelotus andhelureshismenback home Hasmoralstrengthto denythelotus ○ Hasmoralstrengthto denythelotus Polyphemos - Alongwayhomehehasmemorableencounter - DescribeswhyPoseidonwassoangrywithhim - Theyperiodicallyhavetostoptogetfoodand water,andproblemsalways ensue - Stoponislandandbegintoexploreisland - Theyfindacave-- representsproverbialunknown ○ Sotheyexploreit - Withinthecavetheyfindsomefoodandtheybegintoeatthefood - It’sacaveforagiant - Theyhearsomeoneapproachthecaveandthebeastwho ownsthecave returns ○ Hesasheppardandpushesthesheepincaveandpushesboulder(door) infrontofcave ○ Hesealshimselfinthecavewitheveryone - Helightsafire,andhe seesOdysseusandhismenandseesthatthey'veeaten hisfood - HerepresentsbarbaricnessandhesaCyclopssohesbarbaric - Singleeyemeanshehasasimplisticviewofworld - HepicksupOdysseus'friendsandsmashesthemonthegroundandtheeats them - TherestofOdysseus'mentriedtokillhim ○ Instinctualuseofviolence - Odysseusseeshismengoforwardtokillthegiantandhestopsthem ○ Heknowshemuststophis menbecauseiftheykillthecyclop
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