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E.T.A Hoffman, The Sandman

2 Pages

European Studies
Course Code
EURO 1200
Paola Mayer

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The Sandman Undermining Enlightened Rationalism possibility of supernatural enlightened world view, there is nothing in the world that can't be explained by reason nothing exists that doesn't manifest itself to the senses fragility of rational control nothing scarier than going mad, and if reason is the most important human faculty thats super scary just takes one trauma as a child, and you could go crazy unresolvable ambiguity mode of narration (perspectives) if you can't make up your mind if something is real or not inadequacy of common sense approach to solve N's problems critic of Clara just saying to stop thinking about it and it will go away Exploration of Human Psyche (similarity to Goya's Sleep of Reason) 2 one-sided problematic perspectives: N's = imagination freed from rational control conducive to art but leads to inability to distinguish real from unreal and so to mental illness going with his imagination, putting aside reason so instead of trying to get over it, he obsesses about it, partly because he thinks it produces great art, so partly his felt poetic, possibility that he is right no body but him sees anything supernatural, unable to distinguish between reality and fantasy Clara's = rationality and common sense believable but unsympathetic, not realizable, fails to explain everything nothing strange is happening, everything is normal except Nathaniel pros, know that Nathaniel falls into mental illness, so she is right cons, can't explain something,
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