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Lecture

EURO 1200 Lecture Notes - Totalitarianism, New Mexico State University, Tinning


Department
European Studies
Course Code
EURO 1200
Professor
Paola Mayer

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Goya
The Sleep of Reason
Against the flamboyancy of the Baroque and the delicacy of the Rococo, a
new voice that chronicles resolution, war, despair, cynicism
The writer Charles Baudelaire characterized Goya's work as depicting: "A
love of the ungraspable, a feeling for violent contrast," and said "he
gives monstrosity the ring of truth."
because of this uniquely romantic ad mixture
Associated with the art movement generally classified as Romanticism, the
Romantics emphasized emotion, subjectivity, passion, dreams, myths ,
the irrational
Pictures of untamed and fire e nature, exotic settings, and dramatic action,
an emphasis on the past, seen with nostalgia, longing, melancholy
passion
Wordsworth's poem, Daffodils: "I wandered lonely as a cloud/ that floats on
high o'ver vales and hill?…"
"But I am a blasted tree; the bolt has entered my soul; and i felt then that i
should survive to exhibit what i shall soon cease to be - a miserable
spec tale of wrecked humanity, pitiable to others and interoperable to
myself. " from Mary Shelley, Frankenstein
making association between himself and nature
Capar David Friedrich, The Wanderer above the Mists, 1817 18,
Hamburg
vastness of the landscape
looking into the past, just as the figure is looking into the past
some see as an indication of the notion of the sublime
two ideas about nature, one to do with beautiful, other the sublime, contrasts
sublime with beauty, awesome
man's lack of control over nature
Early Goya, 1770s, Crockery Vendor, Holy Family; as a young man he was
apprenticed to the Spanish Rococo painter Bayeu, makes cartoons for Royal
tapestry workshop, under the influence of Neoclassicism and especially
Raphael Mengs
Velazquez, the water Carrier of Seville, 1623, London/ Goya, the Water
Carrier, 1808-12, Budapest; he is also very conscious of Spanish tradition
aware of the painters that came before him
very common people in both paintings
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