Week 3-Parents and Families.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2110
Taniesha Burkes

Week 3- Parents and Families Changing Views of Parents -In the past, parents were blamed for a child's disability- use of interventions and sources in community -Increased importance of the role of families in education- changing from blaming of parents to knowledge of genetics and environmental factors -Reciprocal nature of parent-child interactions -Empathy for parent responses -Parents as source of information Families Reaction to Disability PARENTAL REACTIONS -A Stage Theory Approach: Shock and disruption, denial, sadness, anxiety and fear, anger, adaptation -May affect marriage, relationships with other family members etc. -Will always fluctuate- depending on their support system and mental state -The role of guilt- they blame themselves for their child's disability -Dealing with the public -Dealing with the child's feelings-some parents do not tell their child about the disability - best way is to be honest and adapt/communicate with the child -Parental adjustment • Parental reaction to stress • Changing views of parental adjustment SIBLING REACTIONS -Little information about this -If sibling is young, may be more difficult to adjust with their sibling having a disability- difficult for them to understand what is happening -Female siblings are more likely to adjust better than males -Reactions may vary by birth order, age, gender -Access to information is key for sibling adjustment Factors Affecting Families' Reactions to their Child's Disability -Characteristics of the child's disability- its nature, degree and demands (i.e. hiring someone else to assist child, reformat house, etc.) -Characteristics of the family- its size, socioeconomic status, cultural background, religious beliefs (i.e. beliefs of the demon or cursed, employment, poverty) SUPPORTS FOR FAMILIES -Formal Supports: Individuals who provide support in a professional role (ex. psychologist, social workers, resource teachers) -Natural or informal supports: People who are a part of every life for the family (ex. extended family members, spouse, siblings, friends, coworkers) Other Supports might be: -Other family members -Friends and communities -Religious institutions- Churches, temples, mosques, and synagogues -Counsellors and therapists -Other parents of children with disabilities (Known as Parent-To-Parent Support) -Respite care The Family System Conceptual Framework -Family Centered model -Family Systems Theory (ex. Turnbulls) • Family characteristics • Family Interaction -Cohesion -Adaptability • Family functions • Family life cycle -Guardianship -Transitions -A change in one aspect of the cycle, will affect the rest CULTURAL RECIPROCITY -A two-way process of information sharing and understanding between school professionals and families that can be truly reciprocal and lead to guide mutual understanding and cooperation -Professionals to understand the different roles of different families, and families try to understand the roles of schools and professionals STEPS TO CULURAL RECIPROCITY: 1. Identify the cultural values that are embedded in your interpretation of a student's difficulties or in recommendation for service 2. Find out whether the family being served recognizes and values these assumptions, and, if not, how their views differs from yours 3. Acknowledge and give explicit respect to any cultural differences identified, and fully explain the cultural basis of your assumptions 4 Through discussion and collaboration, set about determining the most effective way of adapting your professional interpretations or recommendations to the value system of this family LOW PARENT PARTICIPATION -Factors that may contribute to low level of participation in special education proced
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 2110

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.