2. September 9:11:13.pdf

20 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3090
Michelle Preyde

Defining and measuring poverty Week 1 Poverty • Poverty is the condition of people who lack adequate income and wealth. • Poverty gap (growing) – Amount of additional income needed to bring family / individual up to the poverty line Absolute Poverty • a lack of resources that is life threatening (often measured as a per capita income equivalent to less than one international dollar a day) • the minimum requirements necessary to sustain a healthy existence • do not have the resources to meet the basic needs for healthy living Relative Poverty • People are relatively impoverished if the customary (average) standard of living in their society requires more spending than the income they have available. This standard changes as a society becomes more prosperous. • Relative to the average income Measuring Poverty • Why measure poverty? • Identify people living in poverty • Track trends • Provide assistance • Develop understanding (research) Approaches to measuring poverty • Absolute • Minimum needs • Characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, incuding food, safe water, sanitation, health, shelter, education, &information (Raphael, p. 35) Approaches to Measuring Poverty • Relative • Relative to the average income • Income distribution • Fuchs point – Less than ½ the national median • Relative compared to whom? • Monetary and hardship indices Canadian measures • Statistics Canada (Not poverty line!) – Low Income Cut Off – Low Income Measure • HRDC Market Basket Measure Low Income cutoffs • Thresholds determined by family expenditures • Low income families spend more on food, shelter and clothing than the average family • Family unit considered low income when its income is below the cutoff for its size and community • Process carried out for 7 family sizes, 5 community sizes • Before and after taxes calculations LICO’s pre-tax, 2005 S
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 3090

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.