January 15, 2013.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Page 1 of 2 January 15, 2013 FRHD 3150-01 January 15, 2013 3:55 PM  Objectives o Brief ethical and historical overview o Positive and conditioned reinforcement  Ethical issues o Abuse of power ubiquitous, pervasive throughout human history o The rules of conduct recognized with respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.  Ie. Medical ethics, research ethics  Ethics o =standards of behaviour developed within a cultural group to promote survival of that group o Countercontrol= influence controllee has on controller by virtue of access to reinforcers  Ie. In a democratic society, voters vote for elected officials o Ie. Constitution, bill of rights  Is it ethical to control behaviour? o 2 assumptions regarding the Systematic application of learning principles for behaviour modification  Behaviour can be controlled  It is desirable to achieve certain behavioural objectives  Ethical guidelines o Association for Behaviour Analysis International code of ethics o Professional code of ethics  Historical overview o Pavlov o Conditioned reflexes: an investigation of the Physiological Activity of the Cerebral Cortex, 1927 o Conditioned reflexes (dog salivates when hears ring) o Most complex activities were due to Pavlovian conditioning o Reflexes= automatic responses to prior stimuli  Video "Pavlov's dogs get conditioned"  Picture online  Watson o Behaviourism o Most human activities are learned habits o Conditioned reflex= unit of habit o 11 month old- paired white rat with loud noise (Little Albert)  Wolpe o
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