February 28, 2013.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Page 1 of 3 February 28, 2013 FRHD 3150  Parenting programs  Objectives o Theory o Why parenting programs? o Empirically supported parenting programs o Parenting and nutrition programs  Theory o Social learning theory  Bandura  After the theory of behaviourism had been developed  Humans act on the environment  Parents impact children but children also impact their parents  Bidirectional relationship  Behaviour is guided by bi-directional interactions  Negative reinforcement develops and maintains children's deviant behaviours and the parents' and teachers' critical or coercive behaviours  Parents are taught how to manage misbehaviour through modeling appropriate problem solving strategies (ie. If you punish them by spanking them, they will solve their problems physically as well)  Youtube video "children see, children do" o Self-efficacy theory  Also Bandura  Individuals develop beliefs about their ability to successfully complete certain tasks or behaviours based on past experiences and feedback from others  These beliefs will affect choices  Engage in an activity  How much effort to expend in the activity  How perseverant he or she will be in the face of adversity in the activity  Signs that you're a good parent  Feedback from grandparents, teachers  Children seem happy  Seeing how other children behave compared to how your kids behave  Satisfaction in tasks  Previous performance  Parents who have successfully managed behavioural problems in their children may feel more confidence in their ability to do so in the future  Why parenting programs o Teach parents general parenting skills  Help them understand the ways parenting should go  Ie. Teen parents, lower levels of education, lower socioeconomic statuses o Teach parents how to correct specific problems  Strengthen parent management skills  Increase prosocial behaviour in children  Through increasing nurturing behaviours in parents  Decrease antisocial behaviour in children Page 2 of 3  Through decreasing harsh/ inconsistent parenting practices  Examples of programs (empirically validated, evaluated programs using research) o PMTO (Parent management training in Oregon)  14 weeks  Parents set goals for themselves  Have parent identify their strengths  Focus on removing material from the prior week and learn new material and have a homework assignment  Skill encouragement  Help children develop desirable behaviours through positive reinforcement  Limit setting  Set limits through appropriate mild sanctions  Problem
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