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Lecture 11

FRHD 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Equal Opportunity, Sandwich Generation, Psychological Abuse


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1010
Professor
Susan Chuang
Lecture
11

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Chapter 13: Adulthood Psychosocial Development
Midlife Crisis
There is actually no evidence of a “midlife crisis”
This means that a midlife crisis is depicted through society from social media and other
platforms that condition people to believe this is a stage in a person’s life.
Personality Traits: The Big 5
These are the five types of personalities; someone can be stable to these traits or even
develop them over time: (O C E A N – Acronym)
1. Openness
a. Imaginative, artistic and open to new ideas
2. Conscientiousness
a. Organized and deliberate. Aren’t into surprises, often need a plan
3. Extroversion
a. Outgoing, social, often the life of the party, like to be surrounded by others
4. Agreeable
a. Easy to get along with, kind, helpful, generous, work well with others
5. Neuroticism
a. Anxious, moody, critical of other people but also themselves as well
All these factors link to a person’s choices in life
oA person’s strengths help narrow down a job and suitable environment for them
Committed Partners
Canadian longitudinal data: Married couples
o1961: Married couples were 91.6% (Very traditional)
o2011: 67.0%, less people are getting married compared to before
Canadian longitudinal data: Common-law
oMore common in today’s era
Marriage & Happiness
Developmental: Marriage is a useful institution, beneficial to each family member
Individual: Results are mixed
When couples cohabit, it leads to a downfall in happiness though this varies depending
on culture and cohort
Other Relationships
Does living together lead to marriage?
oMany have the idea that living together will eventually lead to marriage, and
there are often misunderstandings between this
oIt can be successful is there is a mutual understanding
Does having children lead to marriage?
oThis means there is more willingness to put effort into the relationship
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oMan has incentive to earn more money and women are more likely to take on
household chores.
LAT (Living Apart Together)
oThere are many families that live apart from each other because it isn’t
necessarily convenient to live together due to job or distance in location
oEven though they are living apart, they are together in a committed relationship
Foundation for Love:
oPassion
oIntimacy
oCommitment
oThe order of these three is dependant in Culture and how people view
relationships
Relationships over Time
Personal well-being directly affected by quality of marriage after 8 years
oHow happy are you in your relationship?
oMental health will affect your relationship
Partner violence more likely to show itself in the first year of the relationship, physical
or verbal
There is always a decrease in happiness after the first upbringing of their child,
especially when the child is experiencing puberty.
oHaving a child can decrease marital quality
oWhen the child becomes more independent, you start to see what is left in the
relationship, because all parents put all their time and effort into their child
Empty nest
oNo kids living at home, this can actually can improve the relationship between
the parents
Tension in Relationships
Varies in culture (religion, values etc)
oReligion
oParenting factors
oMoral values
It is crucial for couples to remain on the same page with these issues ^^ and if there is
tension, how well do you deal with it?
Clashing personality traits can cause tension, where at first you love a person but see
them for who they are and what the value
Economic stress
oWhen money becomes an issue, there can bring many conflicts between couples
(finances, resources, joint account etc.).
oWhat if things change and they don’t have a stable job? Can the couple get
through it?
oThis additionally becomes a stress when the couple has children
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