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HIST 1010 Oct 13 2011 Lecture Note (F11)

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University of Guelph
HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

HIST 1010 Thursday, October 13, 2011 SLG for HIST 1010 7-8:30 Library SLG website – mock midterm Exam Info o Seminar readings, text book readings, lectures until Oct. 13 o S1: Writing question – short paragraph; 5 W’s o S2: Writing question; document – what is it telling us; why it matters – MASFER o S3: Multiple choice - 30 Clicker Q’s 1. Roman catholic doctrine which taught that bread was turned into body and wine into blood is called: a) Indulgence b) Purgatory c) Sacramental Transformation d) Transubstantiation 2. What German town overtaken by Anabaptists in 1534: a) Augsburg b) Munich c) Geneva d) Munster Council of Trent – Calvin – believed in Lutheran tradition; all you need is God’s faith New Participants: Opportunities created by Reformation I. Disestablishment of clerical authority A. Reformers rejected “first estate” concept, and encourage clerical marriage – married, started families; priests family = model of how to live lives; B. Patriarchal authority developed to fathers in households – new ideas on masculinity/dominance C. In contrast, Council of Trent enforced rules of celibacy for Catholic cler–y priest having education is important – improves quality of clergy II. Insistence on gender division A. Protestant were unwilling to allow women leadership roles in Church but - Literacy empowered women - Crisis offered opportunity B. Council of Trent (1545-1563) insisted on clausura – traditional feminine monasticism 1) Theresa of Avila (1515-1582) 2) Marie de l’Incarnation (1599-1672) – widow; went to new world – nun helps in classroom III. New demands on young people A. Protestants believed in universal education - Children must learn Scripture, hence must learn to read (in vernacular languages) - “Catechism” – Greek for “call back” – central in new model of learning – call out responses to teacher - Boys were privileged; had access to “Gymnasium
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