Outline: the cluniac reforms, daughter houses, the issues, the great schism of 1054, the normas in apulia, the investiture controversy. Abbey of cluny in eastern france was becoming a reform movement. Benedictine rule (st. benedict of nursia: encouraged that monks adhere to a strict schedule of prayer and taking care of their bodies, founded by duke william ix of acquitaine in 910. Monks manage area on behalf of the church: daughter houses. Network of little monastery"s that relate back to cluny. Not all took the same route though. Perceived corruption in the church (england, spain, italy etc running into people with different views: become vocal, reforms of simony (selling of church offices) Nicolaitism (messes with the idea of being pure, offspring would take new property: children eligible to inherit church positions tied to property (secular child who is illegitimate might still have claim to land) !2: undermines vows of celibacy, produces illegitimate children, monasteries owned large tracts of land.