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Lecture 4

HIST 2800 Lecture 4: Lecture 4 - Jan 31

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University of Guelph
HIST 2800
Erin J Schuurs

Lecture 4 January 31st OUTLINE: Lecture Outline, January 31 The Rise of the Anglo World Main Point: During the 19 century Western imperial expansion transformed global relationships with the rest of the world. Families emigrated to North America from the United Kingdom in unprecedented numbers. Looking at the example of Upper Canada, we see that families strove to remain a part of the family network they left behind while establishing new relationships in the colony. Outline: o Imperial Expansion o Childhood and Ideologies of Empire o The Great Cycle of European Emigration o Emigration to Upper Canada o To go, or not to go o Preparing to Leave o Arrival in the Colony o Susanna Moodie o Mary OBrien o Families in Crisis: The Irish Famine Rockwood Asylum, Kingston o Transatlantic Networks of Family and Community o Reading Emigrant Letters Begin 19 century differs from the 18 century the 19 century migration is defined by family units going together or taking part in chain migration people are leaving from a mass scale from the united kingdom what push and pull factors cause people to leave the UK and come to Canada look on the individual level what was pushing people, what was the experience Imperial expansion during the 19 century western imperial expansion transformed global relationships with the rest of the word we see competition for colonies intensifying Britain is all over the place competition for colonies states and monarchs question how to maintain power from thousands of miles away, recognize the importance of having families settle in their colonies Childhood and Ideologies of Empire the loss of the 13 colonies, following the American revolution, led some to question Britains ability to be an imperial powerhouse period of imperial disillusionment colonies were regularly referred to as children and Britain as the motherland colonies, like children, would inevitably grow up and go their own way overtime, imperialist rhetoric engrained the idea that colonies were children in need of the guidance and protection of mother Britain characterizations of colonized peoples as children were used to naturalize western dominance colonies never lived up to the expectations that monarchies wanted to them imperialist colonies did not get huge wealth but in fact cost monarchies a lot of money very expensive, not bringing them wealth there was instead this idea that they werent worth the effort should use resources at home within our countries colonies are called children, Britain is the motherland those who were disillusioned with imperialism would argue that colonies with children will inevitably grow up and they will go their own way this is what happened in the 13 colonies they grew up, and left to do what they wanted used this argument that colonies werent worth it this imperialism rhetoric was ingrained with how colonies needed to be conceptualized The Great Cycle of European Emigration following the Napoleonic wars (1815) people began leaving the United Kingdom in unprecedented numbers the forces which encouraged and sustained this extraordinary migration are complex the end of Napoleonic wars industrialization and urbanization more information available about British north Americaunited states than ever before the opportunity to own land concerns that the UK will be emptied out if these numbers keep leaving commentators are predicting once the economy recovers people will stay put
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