Patients are treating as human beings goal of internalized universal morals. William tuke quaker who opened the asylum; meant for quaker patients as they had been treated quite terribly in regular asylums. No doctors; no unification amongst asylums at this time. Lunatic acts (1845) the acts enforce that a state-appointed official would need to come into the retreats and give endorsement through medical doctors. Samuel tuke, description of the retreat, 1813 the retreat was a family affair; this is the first full-length documentary of an asylum; tuke describes the moral treatment. Non-quaker patients arrive in order to attract wealthy patients who can pay enough to compensate for non-paying quaker patients: the french case. Mental illness, physical disability, the enlightenment, and the french. The general sense is that the state is somewhat responsible for ensuring their citizens are given proper care. The store of mental illness in france is told as post-revolution history.