LING 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Universal Grammar, Lexicology, Semiotics

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LING *1000
Course link discussions
Course outline and assignment sheet
Intro to language textbook (Canadian edition) 8 chapters
Exam tuesday dec8th
order of words, way of pronouncing (Morphology)
whats your name vs what is your name
Weekly quiz
Midterm-everything up to syntax Mon oct 26th
Final exam multiple choice
Assignment due: Nov 2nd and 16th Ch4 semantics ch5 phonetics
September 10th 2015
SEMIOTICS
System of signs
Studying signs/symbols
Any sound you think about is a sign
Colour white = pure
ex. Chair= something you sit or rest in with 4 legs
e. apig pitue of a tet= sig that this is a ap sight…this sig uses a sol
-The process whereby signs communicate meaning to individuals and allow them to understand the world
around them and how it works
-Gestures: non verbal communication made with a part of the body; used instead of verbal communication
-Body language is part of semiotics
Semiotics
Auditory-vocal
-Speech
-physiological reflexes
-musical affects
-voice quality
visual
-sign
-language
-writing
-kinesics= body lang.
tactile
-deaf-blind
-secret codes
-proxemics= body lang.
of factory (smell)
-perfume
-sexual odours
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Gustatory (taste)
Different gestures across culture to mean the same thing
-some infusing gestures = ok,sign for victory, thumbs up
-are there universal gestures?
Smiling
emojis
yes or no
holding hands
things that show emotions
September 14th 2015
Liguistis is
Speech as a sign system
Scientific, objective: hypothesis > corpus > analysis >conclusion
Corpus...body of data/evidence
aalsis…ualitatie/uatitatie
olusio…hat ifo ou gatheed
Laguage: Ailit to ouiate iate …he ou talkig to ouself its oe atual...ot oig aout
what your saying/ ho ou soud o he ou'e eall happ o ag…passioate aout soethig.
attiute that distiguishes huas fo othe aials …the a’t talk aout laguage like huas e a
self evaluate
is a system of sounds, meanings and rules unconsciously learned by speakers
The linguistic approach
Idetifiatio of liguisti featue…Caadias s Aeias way of pronouncing...what makes a person sound
Canadian the way of saying words
Hypothesis...ex Canadians use sorry a lot
Corpus collected from the community
analysis using statistics
conclusion
further study...courtesy in general more than saying sorry
Language
“ste: elatioships ae ipotat /R s. p/…allophoe ou goig to a footall gae s. ou goig to a
party same person different clothes ..the difference b/w the way you pronounce this does not change the
meaning
p/ phoes…ie s pie hages the eaig
Pronunciation: Phonology - phonetics
Phonology...when u have sounds and how they behave together the rules of sound
Phonetics..10 people in your family the relationship b/w them is phonology
Grammar: Morphology - sta joh the out the gaage s joh the the gaage out oph…the out is
verb and syntax is where it is
Vocabulary: Lexicology - “eatis lei…stud of oaula seatis eaig of oaula like oatie
eplaig soethig like I said… like oe o eeoe…eplaed ith I said
Language differentiates animals from humans
Language us mainly oral: All people speak, but not all can write
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