Goals of environmental policy sustainable development protecting the commons economic growth what informs our perspective rationalism,pragmatism, idealism. De ning environmental policy no one single piece of environmental legislation amorphous policy eld found in statutes, regulations and court precedent policies can be tangible and symbolic. Traditional approach conservation and protection of natural resources public lands, waters, wilderness and wildlife. 1960s onward environmental e orts based on human health concerns. The role of government governments are required too incorporate compelling factors into their policy making procedures electing o cials and bureaucrats are expected to act in the public interest. Premise of government action private actions anent address environmental threats society has concluded that marker forces and corporations do not produce desired results. Government in action subsidies for energy production mandatory conservation measures funding research economic incentives in uencing consumer behaviour. Determinants of environmental policy political economic moral ideals environmental ideals.