Personality part 2
Thursday, November 8 2012
1) what is a trait based approach to personality?
Is there a way to conceive of personality as observable styles/traits?
Trait: an enduring quality that makes a person tend to act in a certain way
2) What is a socio-cognitive perspective on personality?
How do we interpret and respond to external events?
How do our memories, expectations, schemas, influence our behavior
3) how does personality modulate the impact of stress?
A stressor is an event (unique or chronic) which we appraise as threatening
Stress reaction refers to any emotional and physical responses to the stressor
such as rapid heartbeat, elevated cortisol levels, and crying
Clusters of traits
18000 words describe personality traits
Catelli 16 factors
unstable, stable, extraverted and introverted axis of personality
not determined that we need 5 axis to classify the 18000 traits
The Big five personality factors
Openess variety nonconformity
Conscientiousness discipline pursuit of goals
Extraversion drawing energy form others, sociability
Agreeableness helpful, trusting, friendliness
Neuroticism anxiety, insecurity, emotional instability
traits do not often change over time
traits can help predict behavior but not definitively
are traits learned or genetic?
Assessing traits with questionnaires
questionnaires assessing many personality traits by asking which behaviours and
responses the person would choose
Myers briggs type indicator. Minnesota multiphasic p