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Saba Safdar (379)

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

February 05, 2013 - PSCYH2310 – Lecture – S.Safdar - go review exam -- see which ones you got wrong, if there is certain sections, etc. - conformity – we all stood up and switched places with the person next to us - definitions: o conformity is a change in behaviour or belief as a result of real or imagined pressure from others - why conform? o 1) They need to know!  Informational social influence (everyone around me is doing it)  We accept others’ interpretation of an ambiguous reality in order to obtain accurate information  We conform because we don’t know  Muzafer Serif’s studies o Autokinetic effect  The light was moving  How much was the light moving?  Week later, did the same thing.  It was perception – light did not move o Study basically looks at how people can be a source of information (that’s the overall idea of the study_ - Film – conforming o All actors and experimenter o One random lady from mall o She went along with all of the answers the actors said even though they were either completely wrong or made up answers o Actors and one random participant o Smoke in room, no one else was evacuating o So neither did he o They did this experiment time and time again o By themselves, they would leave the room when the smoke starts o When in a group, they did what the group did and stayed. o It took an average of 13 minutes of smoke for the person to get out - Multigenerational norms o Study of transition of norms from generation to generation by MacNeil and Sherif  Four-person group in the laboratory  Three members were confederates  Establishing an arbitrary group norm of 12 inches  Completing 30 judgment trials  Replacing one of the confederates with a new naïve member after each 30 judgment trials  Continuing the
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