Class Notes (807,343)
Canada (492,710)
Psychology (3,805)
PSYC 2310 (443)
Saba Safdar (370)

Week 7 Readings Part II.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

WEEK 7 READINGS PART II – PSYCH 2310 – CHAPTER 10 Chapter 10: Intergroup Relations How do different theories explain intergroup relations? - intergroup relations refers to the way in which people in groups perceive, think about, feel about, and act toward people in other groups - Early Research and Theories of Crowd Behaviour o Le Bon said there are 3 characteristics associated with the processes that seem to be specific to crowds:  1) anonymity – people become anonymous in a crowd and are therefore less responsible for their actions  2) suggestibility – when people’s social constraints are loosened, they become more suggestible. When one or a few individuals start to act on their aggressive impulses, others copy due to their heightened suggestibility, giving in to their own urges to act unreasonably.  3) contagion: the irrationality and acts of violence are contagious and sweep through the crowd o Le Bon argued that people “go mad” (become irrational) in crowds – crowd behaviour is destructive, pathological, and should be controlled o Le Bon had a negative perception of crowds and believe that a crowd has to be controlled and managed o Le Bon argued crowds made people mad o Allport argued that there is no psychology of groups which is not essentially and entirely a psychology of individuals o Allport rejected the idea of a group mind and suggested that ‘the individual in the crowd behaves just as he would behave alone only more so o Allport argued crowds allowed people to be bad - [Law Connections: Crowd conflict can occur when (1) physical force is used and the police perceive it as legitimate but the crowd doesn’t, or (2) when the crowd feels that is has the power to use its collective force to resist police action.] - Deindividuation o The tendency to not follow normal rules of behaviour as a result of losing one’s self awareness o More likely to occur in grop settings, and contributes to the tendency of groups of people to engage in highly destructive actions o Example: Vancouver Canucks Stanley Cup Riot in 2011 o What factors lead to deindividuation?  Anonymity  Group settings provide anonymity because each individual is less distinguishable  It’s enhanced in situations where people wear uniforms or paint or cover their face, which makes the person less identifiable  Stanford Prison Experiment – guards and prisoners – ‘normal’ students became abusive (guards) and the WEEK 7 READINGS PART II – PSYCH 2310 – CHAPTER 10 ‘normal’ students acting as prisoners, rebelling at first, became passive within days - Ended after six days because of extreme behaviour  Electric shock – KKK uniform or regular uniform – KKK uniforms gave longer shocks to the learner  Accountability  Whether a person expects to be held responsible for his or her actions  They feel less accountable in group settings  Abandoning of two old cars – Bronx and in California – put hoods up to make it look abandoned – more people in the Bronx – what happened there? Since there were more people continued to take parts from the car, eventually the car was useless. – less people in California – what happened there? No one touched it ever except for when it began to rain and someone shut the hood down so that the car would not get ruined.  Decrease in Self-Awareness  People in a group have less sense of themselves as distinct individuals decrease in self-awareness leads people to be less focused on matching their behaviour to their normal standards - Social Identity Theory o A theory that posits that each person srives to enhance his or her self- esteem, which is composed of two parts: a personal identity and a social identity o Status of the In-Group  Groups that are threatened with inferiority take please at another groups’ failure o Status within the Group  People who have a marginal status in their in-group are more likely to derogate outgroup members, particularly in the presence of in-group members  Example: Traditional women, or feminist women. Men sent more pornographic images to feminist women rather than traditional women, as the feminist women were seem as a threat to male dominance, and therefore threatened men’s group-based self-esteem. o Group Size  The smaller the group, the greater the tendency for people to be loyal to it, which is why minority groups tend to have greater group loyalty than majority groups. WEEK 7 READINGS PART II – PSYCH 2310 – CHAPTER 10 How does intergroup conflict develop? - Realistic Conflict Theory o A theory that describes conflict between different groups as resulting from individuals’ self-interest motives in competition for jobs, land, power, and other resources o Example. White American students have been found to have a more positive attitude toward Asian Americans when they believe they’ll be working with an Asian American student on a chemistry project (in which this partner is assumed to offer an advantage) than when they believe they’ll be working with an African American partner (assuming that African Americans are not good chemists) o Stages of Realistic Conflict Theory  Functional tasks requiring interindividual cooperation leads to group formation causing the development of group culture  Intergroup competition for scarce resources leads to intergroup conflict causing biased perceptions (eg. nega
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.