PSYC 2450 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Imaginary Audience, Inductive Reasoning, Egocentrism

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Chapters 3, 6, and 8 (evenly distributed, might put more questions on ch. 9am on feb 1st to 4pm on feb 5th. 6+8: sensorimotor (birth-2 years, preoperational (2 to 7 years, concrete-operational (7 to 11 years, formal-operational (11/12 years and beyond) Deficits in reasoning: animism, egocentrism, appearance/reality distinction, conservation taking superficial features of the object and attribute. There might be limits to piaget"s statement that children are. More and more children are now able to take on others egocentric perspective: new evidence on animism, new evidence on conservation. Identity training: children can be trained on aspects of conservation. Theory of mind: childs understanding of somebody else"s thinking, ability to take perspective of somebody else"s thoughts, children"s developing concepts of mental activity, our mental states are not always accessible to others, belief-desire reasoning. Mary and john example: board game: origins of tom (theory of mind)

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