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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

LECTURE 10: LOCKE CONTINUED Wednesday, October 5, 12 LOCKE OUT DIVINE RIGHT  Two different bodies  In place of the divine rights of kings, Locke proposed a government based on reason and natural rights - The rights don’t depend on government or structure – they’re just natural rights - People have the right to make free choices, to live without being injured, and the right to own property RIGHT TO PROPERTY  Due to the work someone has done - If someone has worked on/for something it’s his or her own  Very important to Locke BACK TO NATURE  For Locke, nature is a much nicer place than it is for Hobbes  People have the right to make free choices – to live without being injured by others and to own property MY WORK – MY STUFF  Connection between labor and the right of ownership helped promote capitalism CAPITLISM  Means of production  Power  “The rich get rich, the poor get poorer”  Social stratification  Replaced feudalism in Europe FEUDALISM  Violated people’s natural right to own property LOCKES SOCIAL CONTRACT  Focuses on property  Because everyone has natural rights, government should be a matter of mutual consent among every  “The earth was give
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