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SOAN 2111 (130)
Linda Hunter (126)
Lecture 2

Week 2 Reading (only part of them).docx

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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter

Week 2 Readings – McDonald page 164-175 – Martineau - prosperous manufacturing family - family was Huguenot in origin, Unitarian religion and politics liberal - she was a laissez-faire liberal - she opposed certain, but not all, factory legislation, for her liberalism was always qualified by a more basic Utilitarianism - raised money for Oberlin College – first university to admit women and blacks - age 40 – refused government pension - activist o –strong supporter of the anti-slavery movement o worked for the vote for women and rights to education, divorce and occupations o wrote on violence against women o worked with Nightingale to try to stop passage of the Contagious Diseases Act when it was first proposed and continued in the struggle for repeal of the various acts that were passed o promoted promotion of public health and preventative medicine with Nightingale (even though Martineau smoked cigars) - first publication on methodology o Essays on the Art of thinking - 1836  How to think logically and bring appropriate evidence to bear on the problems of the day  Methodology for decisions on legislation, running a household, and raising children.  Saught the causes of and best cures for evils like deficient observation, perverted judgment, unchastened imagination, indolent attention, and treacherous memory.  The correct process was to form theories from facts (she was citing Francis Bacon) (I believe this is called inductive reasoning)  We must discipline our minds to receive new facts without prejudice - How to Observe Morals and Manners o Gives practical advice on how to do research o Martineau saw her subject as a science o Aware that there were two parties when it came to the work of observation  Observer and the observed  Observers must exclude prejudice and now allow themselves to be perplexed or disgusted o Religious institutions should be studied by visits to temples, marking their locality, number, diversity and theological opinion o A society’s saints heroes and sages showed the moral taste of a people o No better place than the cemetery to learn what moral sentiments lie deepest in the hearts of most people – the inscriptions on the Week 2 Readings – McDonald page 164-175 – Martineau monuments gave instructive teaching as tow hat was considered worth dying for o A society’s treatment of its criminal reflects its own moral notions, or at least does so when people have a voice in these decisions o Observer should converse with a variety of offenders to find out the causes of crime o Observer had to consider a society’s culture in its various - The nature of the class system was important, whether there was a division into only two classes or a series of classes with graduations. - Liberty was deficient where there were only two classes, proprietors and labourers - Burial g
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