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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2112
Linda Hunter

MARCH 1, 2013 – SOC 2111/2 LECTURE – WEBER CONTINUED Weber Socializing Science - beginning of psychology, sociology, and anthropology are associated with Austrian psychologist Freud. The German sociologist Marx Weber, and, and French Sociologist and Anthropologist Emile Durkheim - formulated main principles behind the idea of ‘social science’ - hypothesis testing - experiments and research - Marx – economic forces influence thinking and social organization o Economics influence religion - Freud – psychological drives influence personality formation - Weber – cultural belief influences economic organization o Culture can influence economics - Durkheim – culture is its own system, including psychological and economic factors - Industrialization – sociological paradigms became more microscopic, individualistic, and inductive Mind over Money - the substructure for Marx – “the relations of production” – the economy - above that is the superstructure that includes the aspects of society that express beliefs - Weber saw connection between the rise of capitalism and Protestant religious thinking. Unlike Marx, Weber looked at religion and noted religion can effect the economy. Weber believe that people’s beliefs influence the way they set up their economy. - Even though it is different then Marx, it is more of a “rounding out” as opposed to opposition with Marx – they were interested in the same things, business, money, etc. - many choose to say it’s rounding out’ in a supplementary of Marx’s method – they compliment one another - Weber also obsessed with the origin and nature of modern capitalism - He felt that other institutions like religion could effect Protestant and the spirit of Capitalism - Weber wanted to “clarify and the part which religious forces have played” - For Marx, all cultural phenomenon – protestant reformation was a byproduct of the rise of capitalism(??) - Protestant Reformation (16 century movement resulting in separation of Protestant churches from Catholic churches) o Protestant areas wealthier than Catholicism - Weber – the rise of mature capitalism was affected by the emergence of Protestant, especially Calvinist ethics - Modern or mature capitalism – pushed by another rising force, the religious ethic of Protestantism - Weber – interthted in predestination, advanced by French theologian John Calvin in 16 century MARCH 1, 2013 – SOC 2111/2 LEC
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