SOC 2280 Lecture Notes - Tag Question, Hypercorrection, Hermaphrodite

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Published on 28 Jan 2013
Sex refers to biological characteristics that distinguish females and males.
Primary Sexual Characteristics are those biological distinctions between males and females related to
Secondary Sexual Characteristics refer to physical distinctions between males and females that are not
directly connected with reproduction.
Gender refers to the social and cultural characteristics that a society considers proper for its males and
females (i.e., masculinity and femininity).
Gender Roles refers to roles and other expected behaviors that a society links to sex.
Gender Identity refers to traits that females and males guided by their culture incorporate into
their personality
Patriarchy a form of social organization in which males dominate females through male control of
cultural, political, and economic structures
Sexism refers to the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other.
Androgyny the possession of both masculine and feminine characteristics
Hermaphrodite a person who possesses both male and female sexual organs
Transsexual a person who believes that he or she was born with the body of the wrong sex
Transvestite a male who lives as a woman or a female who lives as a man but does not alter the
Gender Socialization
• Gender is socially constructed and learned; we receive messages about the “appropriate” conduct for
males and females from many sources:
1) The Family
2) Children’s Toys and Games
3) The School
4) The Mass Media
5) Language
a) Structural (e.g., “Generic” he/man; placement of men before women; linguistic derogation of women;
invisibility of women; women as the exception)
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