SOC 2390 Lecture 1: SOC 2390 Class and Strat

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7 Feb 2017
Department
Course
Week 1
-Sandel’s questions
-lining up equalizer, kind of truly free market?
-certain goods that shouldn't be distributed based on free market principles
- concerts are social events and in trying to make commodity out of a real live experience you
risk spoiling the experience all together
-people buy out concert tickets and sell on stub hub 3x the cost
-some deprived b/c profiteers and out bidder by wealthier
-national parks a place of beauty, staplers auction access to such places
-division of labour help? line standing seem strong but honest job in a free market economy
-functionalist theory
-davis and moore
-rewarded based on value of jobs and training acquired to attain them
-social inequality: societies insecure that most important positions conscientiously filled
by the most qualified person
-most inclined toward advancement (with inherent qualities to do so) will succeed
-criticism
-assume equal opportunity
-not recognize that inequality passed on generationally or how elites become
gate keeper (in-group/out-group)
-inequality is not functional b/c it impairs most talented in the lower ranks from
actually achieving potential
-not explain why important roles (high ranking public servants) are paid less than
less socially useful ones (CEO)
-people not simply motivated by money or prestige
-poverty is well calculated in country and poverty program not work is b/c calculators of
poverty administering (not other excuses)
-Marxist theory
-class relations is struggle between groups over control and means of production
-class determined whether sell labour power to access wage/goods or whether collect
surplus generated by work
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-class interest or consciousness (bourgeoisie or proletariate) maps to socioeconomic
position
-class struggle will inevitable lead to revolutionary social transformation
-criticisms
-class relations become blurred with middle class, concessions to
workers(rights,benefits) and other hegemonic strategies for unifications (nationalism)
-lack opportunity for solidarity building as job sector diversified and post
industrialism, stable, unionized manufacturing jobs left canada (replaced by service sector)
-at top management splintered off from ownership (faceless shareholders), hard
identify enemy in complex hierarchical org (management and owner conflict)
-ideology at work
-dominant modes of stratification across time and place PRINT PP
Week 2: Troubling Meritocracy
-meritocracy: the idea that the fairest system is one that, through free competition, rewards
effort, skill training, and “natural” talent the most
-they get their just desserts, those lazy are punished
-two arguments in defence of meritocracy:
-moral
-people should be rewarded in accordance with their talent or effort
-feedback loop: those at top by virtue of their placement there must have
deserved their lot ( a kind of neo-calvinist version of predestination)
-practical
-society benefits the most talented are able to rise to the top. that is talented
people in the working class don't see their talents wasted and those in upper class who lack
talent or competence are not granted important jobs (similar to functionalist made last week by
davis and moore
-governing free marked in tandem with the american dream
-too much gov interventionists a spectre pf socialism (neither moral nor practical by many in
the west
-taking taxes and redistribute (practical and moral to take hard earned money?)
-remain oblivious to socially embedded privileges: the impact of class distinctions,
radicalization, and gender
-virtues of meritocracy?
-IQ testing when you add to higher quality education
-through all new york (whole racial and ethic pool of area and best and brightest come
from those communities)
-get young and earn superiority, and rise vs those with money
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-how fail to achieve meritocratic outcome
-students with better off parents can afford better tutors to pass the test
-slum cannot afford preparation for test with tutor etc
-benefits of having parent to help you through school, with homework
-michael young
-dystopian satire: future england where children are rigorously and scientifically
assessed at a young age for their aptitudes - education streaming then assures they are placed
ion most suitable job/role and income is equally distributed
-eutopian start
-what could go wrong? rebellion?
-letting the best and brightest in area leave then no longer the leaders of that
certain area… can not help that area succeed
-american dream
-compare america to france in 1830, carry spirit of equality distinct from the old worlds
entrenched class hierarchies
-despite the existence of real world inequalities and slavery
-emergence of power elite class
-meritocracy allow everyone to imagine the possibility of deliverance to readily conjure
the image of lavish and wildly successful future (like LOTTERY)
-mythical playing field where everyone has a chance
-dream alive in states that anyone can make it if try hard enough
-when does mare appear as rate busting
-people setting higher standard for everyone (raise higher than reasonable)
-dont want to go to a school that is too hard and require way too much work (“too asian”)
-kids want a bit of a party experience and too hard eliminate this, need to work
harder
-sacrifice other enjoyments for uni life
-model minority is resented by others for over achieving and setting an unreasonably
high bar
-gate keeping and close of certain area from meritocratic sphere (not meritocratic) and
become elite and others seen as encroaching on territory
-Robert Michels
-most democratic eventually become oligarchies (Iron law)
-org in process of seeking a certain end (equality) being to take as a goal the perpetuity
of the very organizational structure and its elite eclipsing the initial moral objective
-the leaders who were at first no more then the executive organs of the collective will
soon emancipate themselves from the mass and become independent of its control (seen as a
leader by all)
-iron rules
-Weber: rationalize and bureaucracy burden humans like a shell as hard as steel -
sometime mistranslated as iron cage
-so rational that become irrational because too focused on goals)
-michels: iron law of oligarchy: modern org structure inevitably become oligarchic
-hayes: iron law of meritocracy: inevitable proud a closed off class of elites
-grow large enough to subvert the mechanisms of mobility. unequal outcome
make equal opportunity impossible
-social capital problem (quality and quantity of personal connections)
-those who can climb ladder find ways to pull it up after or lower to allow
friends etc to scramble up
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