Anthropology 1150 Lecture 2013
Due in class and online April 2
o What mistake did Kane make in the field? How did it influence her fieldwork?
o What specific problems did she have?
Example: physical, emotional, cultural, linguistic, practical, ethical?
o Make/have 5 points from the textbook, use 3 of them tops.
o The importance of religion in cultural and social contexts
Ritual: Arnold van Gennep (1908)
What are rites of passage?
o Mark a person’s passage from one identity to another
o Consists of stages of separation, transition, and incorporation
Found that there were common structure between cultures
WILL BE ON EXAM:
o Stage 1: Separation - separated from the rest of the society
o Stage 2: Transition – painful experiences/ hardship common
o Stage 3: Incorporation – when the ritual is done, the people
are incorporated into society with a new status
What is the liminal (transitional) period?
Victor Turner (1966:95)
“Liminal entities are neither here nor there; they are betwixt and between the positions
assigned and arrayed by law, custom, convention, and ceremonial”
Gender & Rites of Passage:
How do people use rituals to construct gender identities?
o Male circumcision/initiation rites
Common in a number of tribal societies
Alex Tuesday, March 26 – 2013 / Anthropology Lecture
1 Anthropology 1150 Lecture 2013
o Female circumcision/initiation rites
Not as common as man initiation rites
Mark tradition from young girl to woman
Are women’s religious activities morally significant?
Ecstatic Religion (1971) by Lewis
Examined the characteristics of spirit possession = female subculture
o Men: associated with the dominant religion in a given society
o Women: associated with peripheral cults with no moral significance
Wombs and, and the Zar cult in Northern Sudan (1989) Janice Boddy
Studied people in a