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SOC*2700 Lecture Week 12.pdf

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University of Guelph
SOC 2700
C Yule

Tuesday, April 2, 2013 Assessing the Future of Criminological Theory - grades of the papers will be posted on monday - study questions for the long answer question are posted on courselink - there will be somewhat of a review on thursday - will need to know all theories Developmental Theories Contʼd Measuring Life Histories over the Short-Term Life history calendar methodology - 3 years (36 months) - improves quality of retrospective data: events more easily remembered provide reference points for recalling less salient events - criminal activities, living arrangements, intimate relationships, employment, substance use, and leisure pursuits Criminal Careers in the Short-Term (Horney, Osgood and Marshall 1995) - extend S &Lʼs (1993) application of social control to criminal career trajectories: - consider whether local life circumstances that strengthen or weaken social bonds influence offending over relatively short periods of time - Question: does involvement in social institutions (work, marriage) influence the likelihood of offending during the time of involvement? Integrated Theories - most of the theories we have looked at so far have been micro-level (why an individual commits crime - always talk about how they are beneficial but also about their limitations - none of the theories on their own adequately explains or predicts crime - is the next step to try to integrate some of the theories What is Theory Integration? - theories that combine 2 or more theories (selected on the basis of common assumptions) into one combined/reformulated/integrated model (comprehensive & explanatory value) - Most Integrations are at the micro level Examples of Integrated Theory Thornberryʼs Interactional Theory - single (micro) level interation - combines: control & learning theories - bonding variables include: attachment to parents, commitment to school, belief in conventional values - learning variables include: association with delinquent peers, formation of delinquent values - bonding variables & learning variables lead to delinquent behaviours - delinquent behaviour also leads to reduction in bonding variables & learning variables Haganʼs Power-Co
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