SOC 2700 Lecture Notes - Richard Cloward, General Strain Theory, Lloyd Ohlin

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23 Nov 2011
Department
Course
Professor
November 22 2011 Lecture
Anomie and Strain Theory
2. Emile Durkheim
-social focus have impacts on people
-problem of nornlessness
-anomie due to social change
-modernity creates desires and goals
-crime is functional to society
3. Robert K. Merton: Strain and Anomie theory
-crime due to : inability to achieve goals
-Merton's focus: the dysfunction between goals and means
-Merton differs from Durkheim: aspirations and strains are in the social structure
-Merton sees two components to anomie: cultural goals and institutional goals and
institutional means
4. Merton's five modes of adaptation
-conformity
-innovation
-ritualism
-retreatism
-rebellion
5. Reactions to Merton: Albert Cohen
-study of delinquency
-"status frustration"
-replacement of values occurs
6. Another reaction to Merton: Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin
-differential opportunity theory
-differential access to illegitimate opportunities
-inequality in access to crime success (i.e drug dealing)
7. Modern version of strain theory: Robert Agnew's general strain theory
-idea of general goals (in addition to money)
-what strains most likely result in crime?
-when will people react negatively to strain
-solutions?
8. Another modern version of strain: Steven messier and Richard Rosenfeld's
"institutional anomie theory"
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