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soc 3340 oct 15.docx

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SOC 3340
Victor Ujimoto

Oct 15 notes Chapter 6 - Objectives  to understand different patterns of disparities by class, gender and race/ethnicity  to examine causes of education inequality  to comprehend the mechanisms of inequality Addressing Issues of Educational Inequality 1. primary mechanisms: family-based learning opportunities  see pg 139 of your text regarding strategies to enhance a child’s success Addressing Issues of Educational Inequality 2. primary mechanism: stress due to  economic circumstances  financial difficulties  parent – child relationship  other family conflict  racial discrimination  other culture differences Addressing Issues of Educational Inequality 3. primary mechanisms: context of schools and neighbourhoods  schools and neighbourhoods  lack of access to opportunities  lack of resources  neighbourhood learning opportunities  effect of neighbourhoods  unsafe environment Secondary Mechanisms  education aspirations are good predictors of subsequent attainment  concept of “status attainment”  reference group theory or frame of reference  self fulfilling prophecy/teacher expectations (textbook p 145) Review Pierre Bourdieu  cultural capital p 53-54 in chapter 3 of textbook  Bourdieu’s theory on student’s cultural background and school context (p 144-150) Bourdieu’s Theory  2 components:  social action – less calculative and instead emphasized  how people’s socialization provides them with their mental norms, habits, and routines Oct 15 notes  focusing on social class – schools largely reward familiarity with middle-class culture  schools reward various practices that aren’t really markets of intelligence, but the arbitrary cultural practices of the middle-class people Review  educational issue which you had selected previously will now become your social change goal  operationalize your independent variables  examine 3 most important independent variables  3 objective statements  hierarchy of objectives  link theories to goal  to whom are you addressing your objectives? They are your targets  characteristics of targets: individuals  characteristics of targets: organizations Characteristics of Targets Individuals 1. perception  the need for change must be perceived by the change target  change target must become aware of the need for change  change target must recognize that social change is necessary individual Characteristics 2. motivation  change target must become motivated for change  there must be a sense/belief that improvement
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