Lecture 1 07/09/2012 11:40:00
1. Three cases:
Reena Virk case (1997)
o Argument at a party
o Peers killed her
o Extreme form of youth offending
o Peers themselves can be the offenders. Start looking at peers and not random
Columbine high school shootings (1999)
o Extreme in terms of violence youth can get up to
o Crimes in public places. Now people think of shit happening in public places
instead of private
Stefanie Rengel murder case (2008)
o Parents were cops
o Even though you street-proof your kid they are still at risk
o Ex-boyfriend and his current girlfriend killed her
2. Importance of media reports
Some headline examples:
o Bad girls. Parent’s nightmare. Missing the danger signs.
o Youth-gang violence on ride: Toronto schools, police urge community to act.
Media tends to focus on extreme youth crime because it is exotic
Youth are portrayed negatively in the media
3. Why are youth vilified?
Perceptions may be more significant
o Generational component. Older people cant relate to norms of youth
Based on some misconceptions
o Myths associated with young people
o Look at young people as being prone to deviance
o Young people have more free time
o Less financial constraints
4. Youth and “Moral Panics”
o Panics in terms of raising your child (helicopter parenting) o Developed term called “moral panics”
Based on fear in society.
o How do we look at the ideas of groups and individuals….mods and rockers
Mods and Rockers study
o Mods vs rockers.
o Rebellious. Their music was different then the norm
o 2 opposing subcultures in England
o Pinpoints the problems associated with youth in society
Young people in general have to much time and too much money on
No military service in Britain at that time. Stick them in the military
and shake them up.
Creation of a “folk devil”
o Scapegoat for all of societies problems
Role of the media
o Media used them as an example of the potential that youth at that time could
Other sources: style, music, drug use
o Young people get involved in recreational drug use
o Satanic messages when playing led zeppelin backwards.
o Spice girls and their messages to young girls preaching girl power, etc….
5. what role do the media play?
o Describe and discuss an alleged problem out there
Youth gangs at jane and finch?
o Claims using the expert opinion. Perpetuating half-truths on to the public.
o Reporting on sensationalistic cases
Focus on young people. Rare to see a positive story in the news paper
about young people
Misrepresentation of youth o Youth are out of control…etc.
o Extreme cases are focused on
Stereotypes are created
o Not only youth criminals …all youth are stigmatized by these stereotypes