Class Notes (837,848)
Canada (510,512)
Sociology (2,990)
SOC 3750 (282)
Lecture 4

WEEK 4 Lec 8 Thurs Jan 31.docx

4 Pages
101 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 3750
Professor
Michelle Dumas
Semester
Winter

Description
WEEK 4 Lec 9 Thurs Jan 31. Critiques - Ethical considerations o Trickery - Lack of empirical support o Claims o Alternative question - False confessions - Nonverbal behaviour and deception o Cues: posture, eye contact, facial expression, word choices o Accuracy rate: general interrogators not very skilled in seeing the dif b/w the 2, 57% good (55-57), college students can detect as well as police  Lies: higher pitched, longer pauses, more hand gestures - Information-gathering interrogations: instead of harsh being more positive & friendly & rapport more effective o Use open-ended questions (open up & more detail) Crime Prevention - Public perception: think just more police o Increase risks  Rational offender thesis (only in some crimes) - Popular culture o Extremes o Front stage / back stage  Front: safety & security, more police = safer streets (amount of police actually don't effect crime) o Organizational implications: cater to public, want the m to have faith in the police - Cocklin: crime rate diff in cities - Eck & Maguire - Institutional fix: as crime rate dropped reporting of crime increased by 700% Crime Prevention & Police - Conceptualization - Deterrence o Specific and general - Social devt o Social controls Three Approached: Patrol - Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment - Patrol beats (15): reactive, control & proactive - Data - Hypotheses: crime vary by patrol type, proactive less crime than reactive - Findings: no effect on (648 stat comparisons) 1 WEEK 4 Lec 9 Thurs Jan 31. o Increasing/dec preventative control has no effect Patrol - Crime rates: independent of police patrol o Time and space - Attention and resources - Public relations strategy o Perception - Quality police encounter: police interact w public - Target hot spots o Sherman & Weisburd: wanted to challenge Kansas City experiment o Place where crime happens more often than other areas o Crime rates o Problems  “dosage”: levels not monitored, have to observe police and dosage have w public  Methodology o Research: cant interview everyone the police talked to  Interaction does help in hot spots o Concerns: not enclosed areas o Restriction  Action: not restricted on how patrol hotspots, told to log but couldn’t really control what officers were doing o Measure of displacement: found some crime did decrease, but were measuring impact of patrolling that decreased these crimes or did the crimes just displace (more locations) Three Approaches: Crackdowns - Types o Offence specific o Geographic specific - Components (tactical elements) o Presence: more police around o Sanctions o Media: rely on media to inform public to intentions - Terminology o Backoffs: threat ends so less presence/charges o Crackdown decay: require much effort – can lead to decay before end date o Initial deterrence decay: the crime itself decays or decreases o Residual deterrence decay - Evaluation - Concerns o Rational officer o Backlash o Abuse
More Less

Related notes for SOC 3750

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit