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Lecture 4

WEEK 4 Lec 8 Thurs Jan 31.docx

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SOC 3750
Michelle Dumas

WEEK 4 Lec 9 Thurs Jan 31. Critiques - Ethical considerations o Trickery - Lack of empirical support o Claims o Alternative question - False confessions - Nonverbal behaviour and deception o Cues: posture, eye contact, facial expression, word choices o Accuracy rate: general interrogators not very skilled in seeing the dif b/w the 2, 57% good (55-57), college students can detect as well as police  Lies: higher pitched, longer pauses, more hand gestures - Information-gathering interrogations: instead of harsh being more positive & friendly & rapport more effective o Use open-ended questions (open up & more detail) Crime Prevention - Public perception: think just more police o Increase risks  Rational offender thesis (only in some crimes) - Popular culture o Extremes o Front stage / back stage  Front: safety & security, more police = safer streets (amount of police actually don't effect crime) o Organizational implications: cater to public, want the m to have faith in the police - Cocklin: crime rate diff in cities - Eck & Maguire - Institutional fix: as crime rate dropped reporting of crime increased by 700% Crime Prevention & Police - Conceptualization - Deterrence o Specific and general - Social devt o Social controls Three Approached: Patrol - Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment - Patrol beats (15): reactive, control & proactive - Data - Hypotheses: crime vary by patrol type, proactive less crime than reactive - Findings: no effect on (648 stat comparisons) 1 WEEK 4 Lec 9 Thurs Jan 31. o Increasing/dec preventative control has no effect Patrol - Crime rates: independent of police patrol o Time and space - Attention and resources - Public relations strategy o Perception - Quality police encounter: police interact w public - Target hot spots o Sherman & Weisburd: wanted to challenge Kansas City experiment o Place where crime happens more often than other areas o Crime rates o Problems  “dosage”: levels not monitored, have to observe police and dosage have w public  Methodology o Research: cant interview everyone the police talked to  Interaction does help in hot spots o Concerns: not enclosed areas o Restriction  Action: not restricted on how patrol hotspots, told to log but couldn’t really control what officers were doing o Measure of displacement: found some crime did decrease, but were measuring impact of patrolling that decreased these crimes or did the crimes just displace (more locations) Three Approaches: Crackdowns - Types o Offence specific o Geographic specific - Components (tactical elements) o Presence: more police around o Sanctions o Media: rely on media to inform public to intentions - Terminology o Backoffs: threat ends so less presence/charges o Crackdown decay: require much effort – can lead to decay before end date o Initial deterrence decay: the crime itself decays or decreases o Residual deterrence decay - Evaluation - Concerns o Rational officer o Backlash o Abuse
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