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Lecture 69

ANTH 1210 Lecture 69: Lecture 69

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ANTH 1210
Haskel J.Greenfield

o982 May start with hunters who depend on animal herds Herd management strategy Leads to domestication Select which animals to kill to best maintain the herd Initially, prefer to kill adult males and leave the young and females Later, might intentionally leave best animals to reproduce Classic Changes in Animal Domestication: Changes in sex ratios Wild: kill adults Domestic: young killed more than old animals (dont endanger herd) Decrease in size of animals 50 decrease in size Select for smaller and more docile Primary vs. Secondary Products from Animals: Primary get only once Meat, blood, hide, bone Secondary get repeatedly Wool, milk, traction (ability to pull wagons, etc) Evolution of Wooly Sheep: Cant occur with initial domestication Took several thousand years Wild sheep are hairy, domestic sheep are wooly Took 30004000 years to happen Neolithic: skins or flax, no wool until the Bronze Age Milking: Unlikely to reason to domesticate Kill young Mother cease to lactate Herd profiles kill young Ceramics some milk residue in earliest ceramics (6000 BCE) Traction:
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