SOC 1200 Lecture Notes - Abraham Maslow, Canda, Deskilling

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SOCA01
Lecture 4
January 26, 2012
Date of Midterm February 18th 5-7pm
You should have four sections
Production techniques are now the same
Lean production at the lowest possible costs and that involved a flexible workforce and people
Just in time inventory systems
Company used to keep 100s of millions of dollars in inventory
You need huge buildings to store that inventory and you got money tied up and equipment that
won’t be used for a couple of months
Steve Jobs is a good example, you should never let failure kill you
Steve Jobs started apple and board of directors replaced him as the CEO
With company founder, Jobs started up a new company
Midas Touch when it came to business
Apple wasn’t doing so well so they asked Jobs back
When he got back, he discovered that Apple had two months of inventor
We got the supplier another two days
This gets vast saving
Just in time inventory pioneered by Japanese and now practiced world wide
Employees are talked to be sensitive quality of product
A number belongs to an employee
Obviously the product he passed
If something happens in the meantime and the flaw the person who checked it
We call that TQM Total Quality Management
o Japanese pioneered this
All transnational corporations are involved in this
Later unions typically resist total quality management because it required workers to cooperate
with management team
Unions want works to stay at arms length
You don’t want workers being too cozy to management
Worker management hostility or worker management antago
the barrier between workers and union is broken down
electronic surveillance at the workplace
big brother is watching you camera is watching you
employers can’t put cameras in washroom
opticon refers to a design of early prisons the way they are designed of early prisons, there
would be a guard tower and the guards could see prisoners at all times
prisoners were never out of sight of guards
the idea behind that if you know you are being watched you are likely to behave
electronic surveillance watched
AWT Actual Working Time
o Form of electronic surveillance
o If an employer is working on a computer entering data, you can’t do it for all jobs
o If your job is to sit there at a terminal and enter data, what the company does with
working time it puts software in the computer and keeps track of when you stop
working
o So if you work 7 hours a day and at end of the day printout reveals you only worked 5
hours
o Computer supervises work
When workers are aware of that, they are most likely to not slack off
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SOCA01
Lecture 4
January 26, 2012
On the political left argue that economic globalization erodes the power of national governments
which are democratically elected
So the financial muscle of huge national corporation undermines the nation state
The International capital is not accountable to workers
This tends to be an argument more on the left
The argument goes on to say national governments lose power to international capital
Economic globalization means free trade agreements are becoming increasingly popular
National governments, were able to protect domestic industry and jobs
One time in Canada we have a textile and shoe industry
The industries are gone now
They disappeared because free trade means import duties can no longer be slapped on incoming
countries
Sometimes this is called protectionism protect home grown industries
When you get rid of protectionism and import duties, you are going to lose out for some sectors
to cheaper imports
To protect jobs
National laws need to becareful of environmental laws
If you have too many environmental laws, it costs too much
Mexico is well known for having lax environmental laws
If wages are too high, then remove it take the company else where
A lot of pressure put on trade unions
We got wages, environmental
Safety laws, if they’re too strict, they cost companies too much money
We seen that struggle happen in Canada where several sectors were given ultimatums
New York, Tokyo, London big bank financial insititutions where capital is
For investment purposes
International something knows no loyalty
Example of this is given by Microsoft few years ago, gave its orders to its workers to train
overseas workers in what they were doing and once these overseas workers were trained, the
workers were let go
The nation state is held up the democratically state is held up as an ideal and being undermined
by nasty capitalism
People on the left generally dislike capitalism, and most of them were communists, but not to
many any more after collapse of Soviet Union
China follows capitalist rules but is considered communist country
What is often not said, in connection to global
So often as not said, international trade lowers prices significantly for consumers so thus you
have places like WalMart, major retailers, and
Went to jail for life Erbers went to prison for life for fraud
Burney Nadof was a wealthy individual, investment firm, paunsey scheme (when you invest in
an invesmtment house, and they pay you interest on your invest)
Burney Naydof paid 10% on investment that is unheard of
Burney Naydof was paying this 10% from the money he got from new recruits and so he never
really had any money
He was given three life terms
Growth of political institutions
Internationally elite of fabulously wealthy individuals comes with globalization
These are financiers money men, bankers, people who work in companies, wall street types
Senior employees, global corporations, economic elites
o People on the list
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SOCA01
Lecture 4
January 26, 2012
Communications tom cruise and Nicole kidman
o Big money makers
In sports, you have fabulously wealthy elite
Soccer players, Messi Barcelona
Ronaldo Portugal
David Beckham England
Kobe Bryant, Lebron James, yow ming (retired)
Hockey players Crosby, malkon, clitcho brothers in boxing
International elites of three fabulously wealthy people have been formed
I don’t know much about the financial side of cricket
Cricket next to soccer is the most globalized sport, baseball comes behind cricket
Political institutions and United Nations
They tend to ignore global political organizations undermines national sovereignty and so have
organizations like the EU (European Union)
United Nations
Growth of political institutions
History of how the UN was formed
All you have to know is that if he mentioned UNICEF is the United Nation’s Children’s Fund
When you are giving to charity ask what proportion of every dollar goes to the people that
actually need it
UNICEF has one of the worst records of all charitable organizaitons when it comes to that
The CEO of UNICEF receives 1.2 million a year which is 100 000 dollars a month plus all expenses
plus a rolls Royce
If you want to give to charity
For the oakridge community centre who have breakfast for needy children
Before they go to school go to oakridge and get breakfast
Children who go to school with an empty stomach don’t learn very well
One of the best organization
100% in oakridge goes to it because people administering it are volunteers
one of the best charitable organizations is Salvation Army 90% goes to charitable
United Way is not as good
Countries that are members of the EU are subject to Parliament and subject to European courts
Neither is the high court in EU same thing applies
Merits and demerits in globalization are not raised
There was a case in Canada in which a war criminal for another countries made that supreme
court of Canada made a decision should be deported , and they were going to deported and UN
said no you can’t deport the branch for UN Committee against torture setting many
countries in that committee practice torture
We have UN deport individual, you cant send back, he might torture
UN is not elected
We have electorial control over our courts
We elect the prime minister so we have democratic control
When it comes to UN we have no control over it
A global culture two theses here
o Single symbolic global culture (global consciousness)
o (global culture)
o is globalization producing a single symbolic global culture
o if you can analyze globally
o many people think globally today
o many people say it began in 1969
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