FEDERALISM AND MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
“New Localism” Argument
- Cities are the places that have the most concreted social issues and poverty.
Urban concentrations of social issues
- 64% of impoverished people in Canada were living in CMAs (cities with more than
- Larger cities will have higher concentrations of people living in poverty.
- National governments should care about urban well-being, apparently.
o They should also take steps to improve urban well-being.
National Urban Strategy
- Vertical coordination
o National governments work with provincial and local governments
o Goal is to coordinate policies with other levels of government
o A number of European countries use this approach (Britain, Belgium)
o Implicit national urban presence
“top-down consultation rather than bottom-up coordination” (Bradford)
o Department specialization rather than horizontal networks
o Policy instruments, service delivery contracts; P3s; infrastructure funding. Case-
- Critique of Canada’s urban approach
o “disappointed approach” to urban affairs
o Canada has a culture of non-recognition and neglect.”
Trudeau’s Approach: MSUA