For Rousseau, the state is nothing but exercise for the general will.
- The will of all.
- Once these private wills have cancelled themselves out, what remains is the lack of
interest, or general will.
- It is utterly on the basis of common interest
- When sovereignty is directed towards particular interest, this is beyond legitimate
o The general will is always right and it will always tend towards the public good
and public equality
- The role of political deliberation is key
o Different from competitive democracy in Canada
o We come to the system with our private interests, and we try to use politics to
advance those interests.
o Rousseau wants to get towards a common good
Perhaps we are reluctant to talk about the common good
o The general will is discovered through the deliberation of citizens
o We, together, try to discover what the common good is.
- Deliberation can be corrupted
o Will work away from the general good once private interests are discussed
o The will of each these associations
o The sovereign can only act the when the populous is assembled
- The health of a society will be exhibited through the agreement of the will of the majority
- If we see a disagreement, the health of the state loses
o More disagreement = the weaker the state is
- The general will always be right, and always be there
- We tend to think representation saved democracy from political scales
- The general will undermines representation