How can coercion legitimately be imposed onto persons?
- Natural subordination. Ruling or being ruled is part of a certain type of relationship.
- Hobbes is first political theorist grappling with theory.
- A liberal begins by ruling out consensus.
o Idea of consent
Legitimate authority only flows from consent from those who are
subjected to that authority.
- First articulation of consent.
o Consent plays a central role in Locke’s political theory.
o Locke’s consent is the only basis in which a government can obtain authority.
o Reasonable rejection
Could this law be rejected by a free, logical and reasonable person?!
Actual consent also raises other problems
Raises possibility of giving ordinary citizens a veto
Everyone can consent to a theocracy?
Most consent theorists reject actual consent as a requirement of
legitimacy, which has a watershed effect of watering down