January 8, 2012 (Thursday)
January-08-13 11:32 AM
The following terms/names/concepts may or may not be discussed:
- Destutt de Tracy
- Alexis de Tocqueville
- Cecil Crabb, Jr.
- Strongly influenced by the ideology of science.
- The phrase was "coined" in the 19th century.
- Wanted to create new discipline with scientific development and sensations.
- He thought you could understand how people think and work your way to truths
in a systematic way.
- His idea was to create a science of ideas, which he called 'ideology.'
- For truth, you should rely more on sensetory experience than demanded by
royalty and the Catholic church.
- Philosophy was very anti-authoritarian.
- You had to observe the truth by following scientific techniques.
○ Made him very unpopular with nobility and the church.
- A student named Napoleon began with the School of Ideologues.
○ Napoleon believed in this philosophy.
○ The ideologues supported Napoleon's coups and Napoleon supported
them… he even built schools for the ideologues.
- Ideology meant "discovering the truth."
- Marxism was pioneered by Germans.
- According to Marx, how you live, you economic position, what is done with you
labour and those who are in power in that particular era is what determines how
- The person with false consciousness are unaware that they know they have a
- Ideology is an unwitting distortion.
○ What you think has to be rooted in something… you don't sit and make
○ Your thinking has something to do with socioeconomic relationships.
- Famous sociologist Karl Mannheim argued a bit differently.
- He argues that the distortion of reality may be quite conscious, and not
○ It may be designed to perpetuate the rule of the particular group (perhaps
the bourgeoisie… slave owners… or maybe even some smaller group in a ○
the bourgeoisie… slave owners… or maybe even some smaller group in a
○ A bunch of ideas, arguments and justifications are designed to perpetuate
my interests and my rule.
- A lot of people use the term "ideology" in a "we," "they," "cops and robbers"
○ They have an ideology, while we have cherished values.
○ They have dogmas while we have leaders.
○ They are fanatics while we are true to our ideologies.
○ Everyone has ideologies… including fascists and philosophers.
- Being an American, he is pr