Canada and the Bretton Woods
January-18-13 9:34 AM
Issues with the United States
The President of the United States is not powerful enough.
- Our biggest foreign policy issue with the U.S. is that the president is now
- The U.S. Senate must ratify a treaty with 2/3 of approval…
- The president of the United States can promise a lot… but does not have the
- It's not just Congress that you run into issues with…
○ Courts can throw issues into foreign policy.
- Again, our biggest problem is that power is diffused throughout the American
system… and the president does not have power.
○ As such, it is difficult to deal with Americans.
- People within the government and in Congress were against free trade.
○ The U.S. government had to take this into consideration.
- In Canada, there is federalism.
○ In Britain, they have a unitary system.
○ Party unity exists (less in Britain, but more than the United States).
- Stephen Clarkson
○ One of our biggest problems when we forget it's more than the relationship
between two executives… you'd have to get governors, etc., on board.
○ The agriculture industry in the United States is largely subsidized by the
- The attempts to create a free trade blueprint for the world was a partial
success, at best.
○ We had to accept American hesitations and protectionism to get them on
○ America was a key to this, and not Britain.
○ Again, this only works if the U.S. is on board.
- Results of Bretton Woods is creation of two liberal